How does High Blood Pressure Affect Your Mouth?

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a common medical condition where the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high and is caused by several different factors including diet and stress. It is treated and managed by diet and medications in most cases. If you have high blood pressure, always discuss your condition and medications with your dentist. Informing your dentist of your medications can help avoid and properly treat issues that the medications may cause for your oral health.

How does can my BP medication alter my oral health?

Certain drugs used to control high blood pressure affect your mouth by causing dry mouth and a can even alter your taste sense.
Another side effect of some hypertension medications (high blood pressure) is gum overgrowth. Gum overgrowth is where a person’s gum becomes large enough to cause difficulty chewing. This side effect of the medications can begin to show as soon as one month after the start of your drug therapy. In severe cases, surgery has been known to be necessary in order to remove the overgrowth.

Discussions with your dentist

Always keep your doctor informed of your medical conditions and any medications you are on. If you have high blood pressure, it is likely that your dentist will take your blood pressure every time you have an appointment.

Any decision your dentist makes about your oral health will depend upon:

  • How high your blood pressure is
  • How well your blood pressure is controlled
  • Other medical conditions you have.

Stress can be a major factor for people who have been diagnosed with High Blood Pressure. It is common for people who have been diagnosed to take anti-anxiety drugs to help maintain a level blood pressure for their dental procedures. Always be sure to discuss any concerns or drug allergies you have with your dentist before any procedures.

Taking good care of your teeth with regular oral hygiene practices like brushing, flossing, and using fluoride toothpaste will always help prevent more severe oral health issues. Always consult your regular doctor before making any decisions about your medications. If you would like to make an appointment for a checkup or to address any concerns give us a call today!

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