Gingivitis: An inflammation of the gums.
Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease that is caused by plaque builds up. If the plaque is not removed by a daily brushing and flossing it produces toxins that can irritate the gum tissue. Damage can be reversed in the early stages of gum disease. If gingivitis is left untreated it can become Periodontitis and cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw.
When your gums become red, swollen, and tender gums that may bleed when you brush. If your teeth have an elongated appearance or have receded is another sign of gum disease. Gum disease can cause pockets between the teeth and gums where plaque and food collect. Recurring bad breath or a bad taste is also a small sign that the disease can be forming.
To prevent Gingivitis good oral hygiene is essential. Making sure to schedule a professional cleaning once a year because once plaque has hardened and built up or become tarter only a dental hygienist can remove it. You can prevent gingivitis by following these steps:
- Brushing and flossing to remove plaque
- Eating right
- Avoid cigarettes and other forms of tobacco